Mango is National fruit of
. Its scientific name is Mangifera Indica. Mangifera indica is a species of mango in the Anacardiaceae family. It is the largest fruit-tree in the world. Its height is usually one-hundred feet and an average circumference of twelve to fourteen ft. Mangifera indica is the only mango tree commonly cultivated in many tropical and subtropical regions, and its fruit is distributed worldwide. Pakistan
Mangoes have various Varieties. All vaieties are different in colors and sizes and each with a distinct flavor and taste.The most popular and the most important varieties of
are Sindhri, Chaunsa, Dasehri, Langra, Sonaro, Anwar Katole, Anwar Retol, Saroli. Fajri, Malda, Gulab Khns, Totapari. Saharni, Beganpali, Collestor, Fazli, Neelam, Pairi, Pndam and Sensation etc. “Sindhuri" variety is known for its uniqueness, taste and flavor and is most well-liked through out the world. Pakistan
Mango is one of the most popular fruit.Mango fruit shape is oval long, size large, skin color lemon yellow when ripe, pulp color yellowish, texture fine and firm fibreless, stone medium sized, flavor pleasantly aromatic and taste sweet. It is nutritionally rich with distinctive zest, taste and fragrance. Due to popularity Mango fruit is called “The king of the fruits. Mangoes are delicious tropical seasonal fruits therefore it is also called “super fruits”.
Mangoes are widely used in cuisine. The mango is mostly eaten fresh as a dessert. It is also processed into preserves, juices, squash, jams, jellies, nectars as well as crisp mango chips, which are eaten as snacks. Ripe mangoes are typically eaten fresh. But on the other hand they are consumed in many other culinary purposes. Mangoes are used in preserves like dried and powdered. Sour and unripe mangoes are used in chutneys, pickles, and side dishes. Some people eat them raw.
Mango has lot of health benefits. Mangoes contain sugar, an important source of vitamin A, and contain vitamins B and C. Small amounts of protein, iron, calcium and phosphorus are also present. Latest research studies declare that mango fruit prevents from colon, breast, leukemia and prostate cancers. Mango fruit is an excellent source of Vitamin-A and flavonoids like beta-carotene, alpha-carotene, and beta-cryptoxanthin.
Fresh mango is a very rich source of potassium. It is also a very good source of vitamin-B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin-C, Vitamin Vitamin A, K and vitamin-E. It also contains Folates, Niacin, Pantothenic acid, Riboflavin and Thiamin. Pyridoxine Consumption of foods rich in vitamin C helps body develop resistance against infectious agents and scavenge harmful oxygen free radicals.
Mango contains lot of minerals like Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Manganese and Zinc Copper is a co-factor for many vital enzymes, including cytochrome c-oxidase and superoxide dismutase Copper is also required for the production of red blood cells.
Mango peels are also rich in phytonutrients. Such as the pigment antioxidants like carotenoids, Carotene, Lutein-zeaxanthin, Lycopene, Crypto-xanthin and polyphenols.