Friday, March 16, 2012

Provincial Symbols of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the Province of Pakistan, located in the north-west of the country.The province has an area of 28,773 mi² or (74,521 km²) It borders Afghanistan to the north-west, Gilgit-Baltistan to the north-east, Azad Kashmir to the east, the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) to the west and south, Balochistan to the south and Punjab and the Islamabad Capital Territory to the south-east.The principal languages are Pashto, locally referred to as Pukhto, and Hindko. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is divided into 25 districts, comprising 20 Settled Area Districts and 5 Provincially Administered Tribal Area (PATA) Districts.

"Kabul Markhor" Provincial Animal of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
The Kabul Markhor or Straight-horned Markhor (Capra falconeri megaceros) is goat-antelope native toPakistan. it is the Provincial animal of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.Markhor are adapted to mountainous terrain, and can be found between 600–3,600 meters in elevation. Markhor are diurnal, and are mainly active in the early morning and late afternoon. Their diet shifts seasonally: in the spring and summer periods they graze, but turn to browsing in winter, sometimes standing on their hind legs to reach high branches. Markhor live in flocks, usually numbering nine animals, composed of adult females and their young.

"Kalij Pheasant" Provincial Bird of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
 Kalij Pheasant, Lophura leucomelanos, is a pheasant found in forests and thickets. Males have a total length of 63 to 74 centimetres (25 to 29 in) and females 50 to 60 centimetres (20 to 24 in).In the males of the first group most of plumage is glossy blue-black, though with white to the rump or underparts in most subspecies, and in hamiltoni, the westernmost subspecies, the crest is white (all other have a blue-black crest). In the second group, the underparts and crest are glossy blue-black, but the tail and upperparts are white (or very pale grey) with most feathers densely vermiculated with black.Females are brownish. In some subspecies the underparts are distinctly marked in whitish and black, while in others most feathers are pale-edged, resulting in a scaly appearance.

"Juniperus Squamata" Provincial Tree of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
Juniperus squamata is a species of juniper. It grows at 1,600-4,900 m altitude. It is a shrub (rarely a small tree) reaching 2-10 m tall (rarely 15 m), with flaky brown bark, and a prostrate to irregularly conical crown. The leaves are broad needle-like, 3-9 mm long, arranged in six ranks in alternating whorls of three, and often strongly glaucous blue-green in colour. The cones are berry-like, globose to ovoid, 4-9 mm long and 4-6 mm diameter, glossy black, and contain one seed; they are mature in about 18 months. The male cones are 3-4 mm long, and shed their pollen in early spring. It is largely dioecious, with pollen and seed cones produced on separate plants, but occasionally monoecious.

"Morina" Provincial Flower of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
Morina is a genus of the angiosperm family Morinaceae. It is the provincial flower of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. Morina is named in honor of Louis-Pierre Morin (1635–1715), a french physician and botanist.

"Peshawar"Capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa:
Peshawar is the capital of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa,and the administrative center and central economic hub for the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. Peshawar is situated in a large valley near the eastern end of the Khyber Pass. Known as "City on the Frontier", Peshawar's strategic location on the crossroads of Central Asia and South Asia has made it one of the most culturally vibrant and lively cities in the greater region. Peshawar is irrigated by various canals of the Kabul River and by its right tributary, the Bara River.Peshawar is the major educational, political and business center of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Thursday, March 15, 2012

Provincial Symbols of Sindh

Sindh is the province of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhi people. It is also locally known as the "Mehran". The name of Sindh is derived from the Indus River.Sindh is bounded to the west by the Indus River and Balochistan, to the north by Punjab, the east by the Indian states of Gujarat and Rajasthan and to the south by the Arabian Sea. The capital of the province is Karachi, Pakistan's largest city and financial hub.

"Sindh Ibex" the Provincial Animal of Sindh:

The Sindh Ibex  is a vulnerable wild goat commonly native to southern Pakistan.Sindh Ibex are rather stocky animals with thick-set bodies and strong limbs terminating in broad hooves. The extent of white hairs in the hind neck and body region of males increases with age. The hair in summer coat is short and coarse and even in adult males is more reddish-buff in colour. Males have short beards, but females lack any beard. Older males have a dark face pattern. The horns are strongly keeled in front, sweeping upwards and outwards with the tips generally diverging. 

Sind Sparrow" the P"rovincial Bird of Sindh:
The Sind Sparrow (Passer pyrrhonotus) is a passerine bird of the sparrow family Passeridae. It is patchily distributed around the Indus valley region of Pakistan, where its habitat is usually tall grass and thorn scrub near water.The Sind Sparrow is gregarious, generally forming small groups of four to six birds while feeding and at breeding colonies. uring winter, the non-breeding season, it forms larger flocks of as many as 30 birds, and joins flocks with other seed-eating birds. The Sind Sparrow feeds mainly on the seeds of grasses and other plants such as Polygonum plebeium. The nesting season is April to September and it builds its nests in the upper branches of thorny trees or the ends of thin branches hanging over water. Both the male and female take part in nest building and incubation.

"Water Hyacinth " the Provincial Flower of Sindh:
The seven species of water hyacinth comprise the genus Eichhornia.Water hWith broad, thick, glossy, ovate leaves, water hyacinth may rise above the surface of the water as much as 1 meter in height. The leaves are 10–20 cm across, and float above the water surface. They have long, spongy and bulbous stalks. The feathery, freely hanging roots are purple-black. An erect stalk supports a single spike of 8-15 conspicuously attractive flowers, mostly lavender to pink in colour with six petals.yacinth are a free-floating perennial aquatic plant.

"Kandi"(Prosopis Cineraria) the Provincial Tree of Sindh:
Kandi (Prosopis cineraria) is a species of flowering tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to arid portions of Western and South Asia, such as the Arabian and Thar Deserts. It is the provincial tree of the Sindh province of Pakistan.

"Karachi" the Capital City of Sindh:
Karachi is the largest and most educated city, main seaport and the main financial centre of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh.Karachi is the most populous city in the country, one of the world's largest cities in terms of population and also the 10th largest urban agglomeration in the world. It is Pakistan's premier centre of banking, industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan's largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry,entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a major hub of higher education in South Asia and the wider Muslim world.

Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Provincial Symbols of Punjab

Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan.Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir (Azad Kashmir, Pakistan and Jammu and Kashmir, India to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the south, the province of Balochistan to the southwest, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Islamabad Capital Territory to the north. The main languages are Punjabi and Saraiki and the dialects of Mewati and Potowari. The name Punjab derives from the Persian words Panj (Five), and Āb (Water), i.e. (the) Five Waters - referring to five tributaries of the Indus River and others these being Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, that flow through the larger Punjab.

Urial Punjab provincial Animal of Punjab:
The Urial also known as the Arkars or Shapo, is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Urial males have large horns, curling outwards from the top of the head turning in to end somewhere behind the head; females have shorter, compressed horns. The horns of the males may be up to 100 cm long. The shoulder height of an adult male Urial is between 80 and 90 cm.

Peacock provincial Bird of Punjab:
Peacocks are large, colorful pheasants (typically blue and green) known for their iridescent tails. These tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train that is more than 60 percent of the bird’s total body length and boast colorful "eye" markings of blue, gold, red, and other hues. Peacocks are ground-feeders that eat insects, plants, and small creatures. The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen, and the offspring peachicks.

Dalbergia Sissoo provincial Tree of Punjab:
Dalbergia sissoo, known as Shisham, is an erect deciduous tree.It is primarily found growing along river banks below 900 metres (3,000 ft) elevation, but can range naturally up to 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The temperature in its native range averages 10–40 °C (50–104 °F), but varies from just below freezing to nearly 50 °C (122 °F). It can withstand average annual rainfall up to 2,000 millimetres (79 in) and droughts of 3–4 months. Soils range from pure sand and gravel to rich alluvium of river banks; shisham can grow in slightly saline soils. Seedlings are intolerant of shade. It is also the wood that the Rajasthani percussion instrument 'Kartaals' are often made from. Shisham is among the finest cabinet and veneer timbers. The heartwood is golden to dark brown, and sapwood white to pale brownish white. The heartwood is extremely durable (the specific gravity is 0.7 – 0.8) and is very resistant to dry-wood termites; but the sapwood is readily attacked by fungi and borers. It is used for plywood, agricultural and musical instruments, as well as skis, carvings, boats, floorings, etc.

Bhekkar provincial Flower of Punjab:
Bhekkar (Justicia adhatoda) is a medicinal plant.This is a shrub with lance-shaped leaves 10 to 15 centimeters in length by four wide.They are bitter-tasting.This shrub has a number of traditional medicinal uses.The plant grows wild in abundance in Pothohar region of Pakistan.

Lahore Capital of Punjab Province:

Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab.Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Punjab as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, film-making, music, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Known for its affiliation with poets and artists, it has the largest number of educational institutions in Punjab and some of the finest gardens on the continent. It is also an important religious center as it is home to hundreds of temples, mosques, and shrines.