Tuesday, March 13, 2012

Provincial Symbols of Punjab

Punjab is the most populous province of Pakistan.Forming most of the Punjab region, the province is bordered by Kashmir (Azad Kashmir, Pakistan and Jammu and Kashmir, India to the north-east, the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan to the east, the Pakistani province of Sindh to the south, the province of Balochistan to the southwest, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Islamabad Capital Territory to the north. The main languages are Punjabi and Saraiki and the dialects of Mewati and Potowari. The name Punjab derives from the Persian words Panj (Five), and Āb (Water), i.e. (the) Five Waters - referring to five tributaries of the Indus River and others these being Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej, that flow through the larger Punjab.

Urial Punjab provincial Animal of Punjab:
The Urial also known as the Arkars or Shapo, is a subspecies group of the wild sheep Ovis orientalis. Urial males have large horns, curling outwards from the top of the head turning in to end somewhere behind the head; females have shorter, compressed horns. The horns of the males may be up to 100 cm long. The shoulder height of an adult male Urial is between 80 and 90 cm.

Peacock provincial Bird of Punjab:
Peacocks are large, colorful pheasants (typically blue and green) known for their iridescent tails. These tail feathers, or coverts, spread out in a distinctive train that is more than 60 percent of the bird’s total body length and boast colorful "eye" markings of blue, gold, red, and other hues. Peacocks are ground-feeders that eat insects, plants, and small creatures. The male is called a peacock, the female a peahen, and the offspring peachicks.

Dalbergia Sissoo provincial Tree of Punjab:
Dalbergia sissoo, known as Shisham, is an erect deciduous tree.It is primarily found growing along river banks below 900 metres (3,000 ft) elevation, but can range naturally up to 1,300 m (4,300 ft). The temperature in its native range averages 10–40 °C (50–104 °F), but varies from just below freezing to nearly 50 °C (122 °F). It can withstand average annual rainfall up to 2,000 millimetres (79 in) and droughts of 3–4 months. Soils range from pure sand and gravel to rich alluvium of river banks; shisham can grow in slightly saline soils. Seedlings are intolerant of shade. It is also the wood that the Rajasthani percussion instrument 'Kartaals' are often made from. Shisham is among the finest cabinet and veneer timbers. The heartwood is golden to dark brown, and sapwood white to pale brownish white. The heartwood is extremely durable (the specific gravity is 0.7 – 0.8) and is very resistant to dry-wood termites; but the sapwood is readily attacked by fungi and borers. It is used for plywood, agricultural and musical instruments, as well as skis, carvings, boats, floorings, etc.

Bhekkar provincial Flower of Punjab:
Bhekkar (Justicia adhatoda) is a medicinal plant.This is a shrub with lance-shaped leaves 10 to 15 centimeters in length by four wide.They are bitter-tasting.This shrub has a number of traditional medicinal uses.The plant grows wild in abundance in Pothohar region of Pakistan.

Lahore Capital of Punjab Province:

Lahore is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab.Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Punjab as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, film-making, music, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Known for its affiliation with poets and artists, it has the largest number of educational institutions in Punjab and some of the finest gardens on the continent. It is also an important religious center as it is home to hundreds of temples, mosques, and shrines.

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